• Atika Ulya Akmal Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Ari Kiswanto Kenedi Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Yeni Erita Universitas Negeri Padang
Keywords: digital module, STEM, technology, independent learning


This research is motivated by the development of STEM-based digital modules for elementary school teacher education students that are suitable for use in increasing learning independence. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using STEM-based digital modules on the learning independence of elementary school teacher education students. This research is an experimental research. The number of samples used in this study were 60 people. This study uses a self-learning questionnaire which is analyzed by calculating the normality test, homogeneity test, T test, influence test between variables and N-Gain calculations. The results of the study stated that T count > T table, namely 4.18> 1, 69 so that it is stated that the use of STEM-based digital modules has an effect on increasing student learning independence. The implications of this research can be used as a basis for increasing student learning independence.


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How to Cite
Atika Ulya Akmal, Ari Kiswanto Kenedi, & Yeni Erita. (2023). ANALYSIS OF STEM-CP-BASED DIGITAL MODULE DEVELOPMENT IN FLIPPED LEARNING TO IMPROVE THE INDEPENDENT LEARNING OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS AT UNIVERSITAS NEGERI PADANG. Proceedings of The International Conference on Multi-Disciplines Approaches for The Sustainable Development, 558-563. Retrieved from