SUSTAINABILITY OF TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE THROUGH TRANSFORMATION IN CONTEMPORARY BALINESE HOUSING
Balinese architecture is a written knowledge which date back to 14th century, which available in some manuscripts. Those manuscripts written on palm leaves which is called lontar. Some lontars contain Balinese architecture are Asta Kosala-Kosali, Asta Bumi, Tutur Gong Besi, etc. Those lontars have been providing Balinese guidance regarding architecture and 'how-to' construction especially related to residential buildings. Balinese still believe that those lontars should followed when build a house, but due to high economic cost & land price, it's become more difficult to implement Balinese Architecture, especially in modern housing. This paper try to suggest some adaptation of Balinese Architecture principles in Balinese modern housing.
As a result, there have been changes in the concept of housing or residential houses of the Balinese people. The concept and procedures for the construction of traditional Balinese residences are guided by Asta Kosala-Kosali, which includes procedures for selecting land and materials, building dimensions, construction processes and accompanying rituals. The variety of residences in Bali today basically maintains some of the identity of traditional architectural element with some transformations, so that there is a sustainability of traditional Balinese architecture in today's residences, although not as a whole. Transformations that occur mainly in the shape of buildings shape, construction systems, and building materials.
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