• Anak Agung Gede Agung Pemayun Program Studi Arsitektur, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Dwijendra
Keywords: Acculturation, Temple, Langgar


In Indonesia, there are six religions, namely Islam, Hinduism, Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism and Confucianism and have different forms of worship. Related to this, in an area on the island of Bali there are Hindu places of worship with the presence of two types of sacred buildings, namely the building of Hindus and Muslims in one temple area, the temple name is Pura Dalem Jawa or often called Pura Langgar, which is located in the Village Bunutin, Kintamani District, Bangli Regency. This Pura Dalem Jawa is the same as temple in general which has three mandalas. What makes this temple different is that there is one langgar that is combined with Balinese carvings. Related to this, this temple is very interesting to understand the history and the beauty of the size of its culture.

                    The formulation of the problem raised is: What is the effect on the existence of violations in the Pura Dalem Jawa? And Why is the Langgar building located in the main mandala ?. Limitation The problem is from identifying the problem, the author will only discuss the acculturation of Langgar (Islamic) and Pura (Hindu) architecture in Bunutin Village, Kintamani sub-district, Bangli Regency.

                    In general, the structure or floor plan of the temple in Bali is divided into three parts, namely: jaba pura or jaba pisan (outer courtyard), jaba tengah (middle courtyard) and Jeroan (inner courtyard). A temple is surrounded by walls (Balinese = penyengker) as sacred boundaries. Langgar is a building for Muslim prayer services. With a large enough size. Although it can accommodate enough people to carry out congregational prayers, this building cannot be used for congregational prayer activities because it does not fulfill the Friday prayers.                    The existence of Langgar in Pura Dalem Jawa began when Ida Dewa Mas Blambangan fell ill and the condition for him to be healthy and used to have descendants was to make the langgar, the condition was according to God's will. The pattern of architectural acculturation seen in the Pura Dalem Jawa is seen. In Jaba Pura or outside temple or the western part of the Temple there are five water taps, for Hindus this tap is used for washing ceremonial materials, while Muslims use it as a place of ablution or cleanse themselves before worship. In the Offal area there are three buildings, including the Break / Holy Gedong Building, Bale Pawedan, Bale Panegtegan or Barn. In the area of ​​the innards commonly used for worshiping Hindus, prayer is also used for Muslims, but for the worship of the two religions it has never been concurrent. For the two ummah, it is not permissible to enter the Langgar / Gedong Suci building, only the saint or temple holder and the Puri Bunutin penglingsir are bole entering, even then if there is a ceremony

It can be concluded: Pura Dalem Jawa / Pura Langgar is a relic of a Hindu place of worship that has an ancestor from Java, namely from Blambangan, the existence of Langgar in Pura Dalem Jawa precisely in the main mandala serves as a storage place for Pretime or Statues that are in place it is called Gedong. The influence of the existence of the word Langgar makes many Muslims come to worship. From this, the mixing of cultures takes place in the Pura Dalem Jawa and Architectural Acculturation that occur in the Pura Dalem, namely, the same space (Natah) is used by two different devotees to worship.


Wawancara Kelian Semeton Puri Bunutin, I Dewa Gede Oka Murjaya

How to Cite
Pemayun, A. A. G. A. (2019). AKULTURASI ARSITEKTUR PURA (HINDU) DAN LANGGAR (ISLAM) DI DESA BUNUTIN KABUPATEN BANGLI. Seminar Nasional Arsitektur, Budaya Dan Lingkungan Binaan (SEMARAYANA), 1(1), 141-146. Retrieved from https://eproceeding.undwi.ac.id/index.php/semarayana/article/view/21